When women are pregnant, their bodies are undergoing physical and hormonal changes as the fetuses grow in their wombs. As a result, they are very sensitive to little things and anything small could affect their pregnancies negatively. It is therefore very important for them to maintain healthy pregnancies, and that can be done in a number of ways as we are going to see in this article.
In order for the fetus to have good brain development, it is important for women to eat nutritious means during pregnancy. They also need to bring down the chances of anemia, develop healthy birth weight, and reduce the chances of birth defects. As such a healthy balanced diet should be taken. It also tends to reduce mood swings while improving labor and delivery. The well balanced diet should have the following:
- Vitamin C
- Fruits and vegetables
- Whole grains
- Iron-rich foods
- Adequate fat
- Folic acid
It is important for all pregnant women to monitor their weight gain and nutritional needs by consulting with their doctors during the span of their pregnancies. This is because their weight gain will vary on individual basis depending on a number of things such as obesity or multiple pregnancies.
What not to eat
The baby can run risks of contacting bacterial and parasitic infections if they are fed on the wrong things such as milk, cheese, and juice that isn’t pasteurized. Refrigerated, smoked, or undercooked foods such as meats should also be avoided at all costs. The family history is also important when it comes to things like allergies.
Food is supposed to be the source of most of the nutrients that pregnant women take, but so are prenatal vitamin supplements when it comes to fetal development. A vitamin B called folic acid (foliate), is one of the most important vitamins that should be taken over the first twelve months of pregnancy, reducing the chances of a child with a neural tube defect such as spina bifida.
Exercises not only benefit the mother, but they also benefit the baby. They help in the circulation of blood, strengthen the muscles, and bring down the stress levels. Below are some of the things that exercises can do:
- Boost energy levels
- Improve sleep
- Strengthen muscles and endurance
- Reduce backaches
- Relieve constipation
It is also good for pregnant women to feel good about themselves. This can boost their self-esteem and make them feel more confident. One of these things that can make pregnant women feel good is by having a good smile. Their smiles might have been affected due to poor oral health.
All pregnant women should try and maintain good health during that period so that they can guarantee their babies well-being.